The Facts

  • Prostate Cancer is the most common cancer in men
  • An estimated one in seven men will be diagnosed with Prostate Cancer within their lifetime.
  • Men of African or Caribbean descent are even more likely to develop the disease.
  • Men with a father or brother affected are twice as likely to develop Prostate Cancer as men with no relatives affected.
  • Early stage prostate cancer usually has no symptoms
  • Localized Prostate Cancer detected early is highly treatable with a very high survival rate.

Early Detection Saves Lives

Regular testing increases the likelihood of cancer being detected at an early stage when there are more treatment options and the chance of cure is highest.

The PSA Test is a simple blood test that measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood.. Typically, prostate cancer glands release more PSA into the blood circulation than healthy prostate glands. Therefore, a high PSA level or a high rate of change in PSA may be a warning sign of prostate cancer.

In the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), your doctor will feel the size and shape of the prostate by inserting a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum.. Any hard, lumpy or irregular areas of the prostate may indicate the presence of cancer and will require further testing.

It is important to remember that no test is perfect. Combining the PSA blood test with a DRE provides your doctor with more information and helps to increase the accuracy of these early detection methods.

Treating Prostate Cancer

It is important to remember that some prostate cancer grows slowly. Unless your doctor tells you that your cancer is very aggressive, you can normally take the time to fully explore different treatment options. There are a number of factors to consider when working together with your doctor or specialist to choose your treatment: your age, the stage and grade of your cancer (i.e. how far the cancer has spread and how fast it is capable of growing), your general health, your values and preferences.

See your doctor on a regular basis as early detection is very important when dealing with prostate cancer.