The Facts

  • Prostate Cancer is the most common cancer in men and an estimated one in seven men will be diagnosed with Prostate Cancer within their lifetime.
  • Your risk is higher if a first-degree relative (father or brother) has had Prostate Cancer and men of African or Caribbean descent also have a higher risk of developing the disease.
  • Early stage prostate cancer usually has no symptoms
  • Localized Prostate Cancer detected early is highly treatable with a very high survival rate.

The Myths

  • I am not an old man, so I am not at risk of Prostate Cancer
    The risk does increase with age but men in their 50s are diagnosed with prostate cancer every day. Start PSA testing at 50 (or earlier if you are in a higher risk group).
  • It isn’t a serious disease, so I don’t need to worry.
    Prostate Cancer kills about 4000 Canadians every year. Most of these cases were not caught early. Some types are slow growing but others grow faster and require immediate attention.

Early Detection Saves Lives

Regular testing increases the likelihood of cancer being detected at an early stage when there are more treatment options and the chance of cure is highest.

The PSA Test is a simple blood test that measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. Typically, prostate cancer glands release more PSA into the blood circulation than healthy prostate glands. Therefore, a high PSA level or a high rate of change in PSA may be a warning sign of prostate cancer. Speak to your doctor about your personal risk factors and whether the PSA test is right for you.

Treating Prostate Cancer

It is important to remember that some prostate cancer grows slowly. Unless your doctor tells you that your cancer is very aggressive, you can normally take the time to fully explore different treatment options. There are a number of factors to consider when working together with your doctor or specialist to choose your treatment: your age, the stage and grade of your cancer (i.e. how far the cancer has spread and how fast it is capable of growing), your general health, your values and preferences.


See your doctor on a regular basis as early detection is very important when dealing with prostate cancer.